Nomadism still plays a significant role in Afghan lifestyle. More than 100,000 of Kuchi, one of the ethnic nomad groups, have been displaced due to natural disasters such as flood and drought in the past few years. Tensions with the Uzbeks and Tajiks in the northwest, due to the Kuchi’s ethnic association with the Taliban, have also forced them to flee their lands.
Very little of the foreign assistance extended to Afghanistan by the international community has arrived to aid the Kuchis. Few assistance agencies work in the insecure areas in which they are located, and most donors emphasize short-term economic and humanitarian aid rather than the longer-term assistance the Kuchis need to rebuild their herds. As a result, most of the Kuchi today remain jobless and illiterate.
The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan has listed The Kuchi ethnic as one of the largest vulnerable populations in the country.